Unit 1: Semester 1
Twentieth Century History (1918 – 1939)
World War 1 is regarded by many as marking the beginning of twentieth century history since it represented such a complete departure from the past and heralded changes that were to have an impact for decades to come. The post-war treaties ushered in a period where the world was reshaped with new borders, movements, ideologies and power structures. The period after World War 1 was characterised by significant social and cultural change in the contrasting decades of the 1920s and 1930s. New fascist governments used the military, education and propaganda to impose controls on the way people lived; to exclude particular groups of people and to silence criticism. Our study will focus on these topics as well as Germany during the Weimar Republic and the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Third Reich. Students will analyse the nature of the state he created and of the new society he aimed to introduce.
1. Research Essay/Tasks (40%)
2. Coursework (30%)
3. Examination (30%)
Unit 2: Semester 2
Twentieth Century History (1945 – 2000)
In Unit 2 students explore the nature and impact of the Cold War and challenges and changes to existing political, economic and social arrangements in the second half of the twentieth century. The establishment of the United Nations in 1945 was intended to take an internationalist approach to avoiding warfare, resolving political tensions and addressing threats to human life and safety. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted in 1948 was the first global expression of human rights. Despite internationalist moves, the second half of the twentieth century was dominated by the competing ideologies of democracy and communism, setting the backdrop for the Cold War. The period also saw challenges and change to establish order in many countries. The continuation of moves towards decolonisation led to independence movements in former colonies in Africa, the Middle East, Asia and the Pacific. New countries were created and independence was achieved through both military and diplomatic means. Old conflicts also continued and terrorism became increasingly global.
1. Analytical Essay/Tasks (40%)
2. Coursework (30%)
3. Examination (30%)
Unit 3: Semester 1
History Revolutions - French
The Old Regime in France was based upon a theory of the absolute power of the king, and upon a society which accepted privilege - and inequality - as a natural part of the social order. How then did people in eighteenth century France begin to imagine a different society? In the 1780s, a financial crisis focused attention on France’s unfair system of taxation, which in turn led to demands for some form of representative government. The dramatic events of 1789 - The Tennis Court Oath and the Capture of the Bastille - did not seek to remove the king, but to make him accept a Parliament. By 1790, the revolution seemed to be over. Yet by 1792, France would be at war with all the European powers, a new invention called the guillotine would be introduced, and some 30,000 French citizens would be executed in the Terror. What had happened to a revolution that had promised Liberty, Fraternity and Equality?
Unit 4: Semester 2
History Revolutions - Russian
When Tsar Nicholas II ordered a national holiday to celebrate three hundred years of Romanov rule, the Old Regime in Russia still seemed powerful and unquestionable. In reality, Russian society was under enormous strain: peasant grievances, industrialisation and the impact of disastrous wars in 1905 and 1914 created a dangerous situation. In February 1917, a first spontaneous revolution swept the Old Regime away; in October, a second, planned revolution brought Lenin and the Bolsheviks to power, promising “Peace, Land and All Power to the Soviets”. What exactly was the new society the revolution aimed to create? Who resisted their project, and why? Was this new society as repressive as the one that it had replaced?
1. Coursework – Unit 3 (25%)
2. Coursework – Unit 4 (25%)
3. Examination (50%)