Ab initio is for a beginner who has little or no previous experience of the language. The student must have had no formal instruction in the language nor have lived in a Spanish speaking country.

Standard Level Only

The main focus of the course is on language acquisition and development in the four primary language skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing. The aim is to develop all four skills to a similar level of communicative competence. The course focuses on everyday situations and aspects of the culture related to the language. At the end of the course students will be expected to demonstrate an ability to:

- Communicate clearly and effectively in a range of contexts and for a variety of purposes.
- Understand and use language appropriate to a range of interpersonal and/or intercultural contexts and audiences.
- Understand and use language to express and respond to a range of ideas with fluency and accuracy.
- Identify, organize and present ideas on a range of topics.
- Understand, analyse and reflect upon a range of written, audio, visual and audio-visual texts.

The syllabus provides the framework for reaching the objectives of the course and consists of four topics within each of the five themes of Identities, Experiences, Human Ingenuity, Social Organization and Sharing the Planet.

Internal Assessment: Oral Component (25%)
A final oral examination over the second year of the course assessed by the classroom teacher and externally moderated by the IB.

Individual Oral (10 minutes) (25%)
15 minutes’ preparation of a visual stimulus. A 1-2 minute presentation of the stimulus, a 3-4 follow-up discussion with the teacher and a 3-4 minute general discussion that addresses at least one additional theme.

External Assessment: Written Component (75%)
Paper 1: Productive Skills (1 hour) (25%)
Two written tasks of 70-150 words from a choice of three tasks, choosing a text type from each task from those
listed in the instructions.

Paper 2: Receptive Skills (1 hour 45 minutes, 50%)
a) Listening Comprehension (25%)
Comprehension questions based on three audio texts

b) Reading Comprehension (25%)
Comprehension tasks based on three written texts
The texts will be drawn from all five themes.